Pick-and-place operations, such as palletizing, are one of the many applications of robotic manipulators. They are often employed to increase productivity in a setting where tasks can be repetitive and laborious such as packaging and assembly operations.
Application can also be in removing humans from hazardous work, such as the use of robotic arms in nuclear decommissioning tasks and the increased level of intelligence integrated in some robotic arms of today means they can even work in collaboration with humans While the operations of a pick-and-place robot can be customized by appropriate programming, developing an accurate model to simulate the motions of the robot can be used to determine the reach and efficiency of the robot, estimate cycle time, and convey potential collision paths without any actual implementation on hardware. This can save time and money and also prevent possible damage to the robot.
Robot arm pick and place systems are mainly based around a Fanuc robotic arm. All systems are servo driven and can achieve a high throughput speed, placing items into plastic or cardboard trays and containers. Objects are pick up from the conveyor feeding them into the cell and can be picked up either singularly or in multiples. A selection of robots are available to suit project payload, throughput speed or working environment. As well as packing trays and boxes, variations allow for the automatic filling and indexing of dollies, trolleys and carts. Typical systems include a pack accumulation system and an automatic supermarket dolly indexing system with a Fanuc robotic arm loading the cart with bags of produce.
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